BELIEVING, LEARNING AND SHARING TOGETHER: The April Newsletter is now available to view in the News and Events - Newsletter section. We have 2 places available in EYFS - if you are interested in this please contact the school office. Please can I remind parents that holiday leave in term time is not authorised. The approved holiday list for 2023-24 is now available to view in the parent - term dates section of the website.
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Mellor St Mary CE Primary School

Learning Together

Science in EYFS

In Mellor St Mary CE Primary School we follow the Statutory Framework for the Early  Years and Foundation Stage issued by the DFE. We also use 'Development Matters' to support our planning, teaching, observing and learning outcomes in EYFS on a day to day basis.


Early Years Pupils will:

The EYFS framework is structured very differently to the national curriculum as it is organised across seven areas of learning rather than subject areas. The aim of this document is to help subject leaders to understand how the skills taught across EYFS feed into national curriculum subjects.


This document demonstrates which statements from the 2020 Development Matters are prerequisite skills for history within the national curriculum. The table below outlines the most relevant statements taken from the Early Learning Goals in the EYFS statutory framework and the Development Matters age ranges for Three and Four-Year-Olds and Reception to match the programme of study for Science.


Early Years children will be taught to develop a curiosity about the world. They will explore the natural world around them. They will describe what they hear, see and feel. They will use their senses and hands on exploration to develop their understanding. They will develop and understanding that some environments are different to the ones that they live in. They will be taught to make simple observations by drawing, taking photographs, use sorting rings or boxes.


Understanding the World


Development Matters

  • Use all their senses in hands-on exploration of natural materials. (3-4 Years)
  • Explore collections of materials with similar and/or different properties. (3-4 Years)
  • Talk about what they see, using a wide vocabulary. (3-4 Years)
  • Plant seeds and care for growing plants (3-4 Years)
  • Understand the key features of the life cycle of a plant and an animal. (3-4 Years)
  • Talk about the differences between materials and changes they notice. (3-4 Years)
  • Explore the natural world around them. (Reception)
  • Describe what they see, hear and feel whilst outside (Reception)
  • Recognise some environments that are different from the one in which they live. (Reception)
  • Understand the effect of changing seasons on the natural world around them. (Reception)

Early learning


  • Explore the natural world around them, making observations and drawing pictures of animals and plants;
  • Know some similarities and differences between the natural world around them and contrasting environments, drawing on their experiences and what has been read in class;
  • Understand some important processes and changes in the natural world around them, including the seasons and changing states of matter.