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Mellor St Mary CE Primary School

Learning Together


Geography Curriculum Statement 


Through our Christian Faith, we acknowledge our responsibility to all, to enrich lives and show love and respect within our school family.

We believe in lifelong learning aiming to equip our children to live life today and for tomorrow rooted in Christian love.

For nothing is impossible with God (Luke 1:37) 


Our school is the church on the hill; the light that brings Jesus into the lives of all in our community.

Upon this rock I will build my church (Matthew 16:18)


Our Geography curriculum has been designed to ensure each and every child has the geographical skills to understand the world that they live in and make connections with people and places around the world. Geography is what joins and connects them to others and knowledge and understanding of places helps them to understand the world that they live in and their -very special- place in it.


In school, we focus not only on key geographical skills and knowledge, but also how children can make connections to the world, have empathy for others and understand the unique and diverse world God gave us. We equip them with the knowledge and skills to ask geographical questions, enquire about places, to have compassion for people and environmental issues, as well as developing appropriate subject specific knowledge, skills and understanding as set out in the National Curriculum.


Curiosity and inquisitive minds are encouraged through individual and collaborative learning experiences, a positive growth mind set, a sense of responsibility for the changing worlds and challenges that take them beyond the classroom, into the field and the world beyond.


We are a Christian school and use our Christian virtues to ask questions to expand our learning about faith in other parts of the world, to help promote our understanding of Christianity and show compassion and empathy towards others.


Ultimately our geography curriculum is intended to:

  • Develop our head and body : What we learn
  • Develop our hearts and character: Who we are and our faith in God
  • Develop our actions and attitudes: how we help others and can create positive changes that can impact on other people
  • Develop our moral compass: How our work, actions and thoughts, impact on our local and national communities.


Through quality teaching of knowledge, skills and vocabulary in geography we aim to ensure that all pupils:

  • Develop knowledge of significant places, continents, countries and oceans and be able to talk about them and how they impact the world and geographical processes.
  • Understand processes that change and find key physical and human geographical features of the world, how these are interdependent and how they can change over time.

are competent in the geographical skills needed to:

  • Collect, analyse and communicate with a range of data through experiences of fieldwork that deepen their understanding of geographical processes.
  • Use and understand a range of sources of geographical information, including maps, diagrams, globes, aerial photographs and Geographical Information Systems (GIS)
  • Show geographical information in a variety of ways, including through maps, writing, data logs, graphs, charts, posters, fact sheets and through other creative means.
  • To promote children’s spiritual, moral, social and cultural development helping them to have a greater understanding of their place in the world, and their rights and responsibilities to other people and the environment.

Within geography, we strive to create a supportive and collaborative ethos for learning by providing investigative and enquiry based learning opportunities. All children will be challenged to be inquisitive, compassionate and empathetic. They will have opportunities to influence their own learning through age appropriate and progressive themes and topics.


Early Years Pupils will be taught:

  •  To develop their understanding of the world and take notice of everything around them.
  •  About the environment around them by discussing and taking part in walks within the local area.
  • To develop their understanding of the wider world by learning about different countries during their topics. The focus of geographical discussions will be personalised to the cohort of children.

Key stage 1 Pupils will be taught:

  • To begin to develop a geographical vocabulary by learning about where they live, as well as one other small area of the United Kingdom and a small area in a contrasting non-European country.
  • About weather patterns in the United Kingdom and hot and cold areas of the world.
  • How to use ICT, world maps, atlases and globes, aerial photographs and plans.
  • To use simple compass directions.
  • Simple fieldwork and observational skills and techniques.


Key Stage 2 Pupils will be taught:

Three main focus areas:

  1. Locational knowledge
  2. Place knowledge
  3. Human and physical geography


  • To examine latitude, longitude and time zones.
  • To use maps to focus on Europe, North and South America, concentrating on regions, key physical / human characteristics, countries, and major cities.
  • To locate the counties and cities of the United Kingdom, and explore their human and physical characteristics.
  • To examine geographical similarities and differences by comparing the geography of a region of the United Kingdom with a region in a European country, and with a region in either North or South America.
  • To describe and understand key aspects of geography, for example: climate zones, rivers, mountains, volcanoes, earthquakes, the water cycle, types of settlement, economic activity and the distribution of natural resources.
  • To use a range of fieldwork techniques and practical geography skills.


'Informed and active future citizens need to understand how their lives are connected to others and are both shaped by and impact on the environments they inhabit if they are to make responsible choices for the future'.

Geographical Association

Geography varies from the local environment of Mellor and Lancashire that the students know well, to the distant places that they have some, little or no previous knowledge about.  We aim to take the students from where they are on a journey into a global view of the world; to better understand the world that they live and how they can impact on it in the future.

As pupils progress, we will strive for them to be outwardly-looking global citizens who are knowledgeable, tolerant and educated about the wider world. Through themed weeks and worship time, we will help our children to understand some of the issues facing our world and future generations and aim to equip them with the skills and faith needed to face them.


By the end of each key stage, pupils will know, apply and understand the geographical physical and human processes and skills specified in the National Curriculum for geography.


Our children will have a confident set of geographical skills and knowledge, supported by Christian values which can be used to help them to make sense of the world that they live in and equip them with the practical skills and knowledge to take them into KS3 and beyond. In the immersion of their topics, they will deepen their understanding of geographical processes, understand and use geographical vocabulary, remember places they have learned about, take more action on topics they believe in and develop a more tolerant yet enquiring mind.



Outside Classroom

On Friday 9th November we were very excited to open our brand new outside classroom! Our new classroom has been designed so we can continue our learning outside of our usual classroom and learn in an outdoor area. We are looking forward to using it and we are all very thankful to FOSMS for their kind donation to improve our school learning environment. 

National Curriculum


Purpose of study


A high-quality geography education should inspire in pupils a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people that will remain with them for the rest of their lives. Teaching should equip pupils with knowledge about diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments, together with a deep understanding of the Earth’s key physical and human processes. As pupils progress, their growing knowledge about the world should help them to deepen their understanding of the interaction between physical and human processes, and of the formation and use of landscapes and environments. Geographical knowledge, understanding and skills provide the frameworks and approaches that explain how the Earth’s features at different scales are shaped, interconnected and change over time.




The national curriculum for geography aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • develop contextual knowledge of the location of globally significant places – both terrestrial and marine – including their defining physical and human characteristics and how these provide a geographical context for understanding the actions of processes
  • understand the processes that give rise to key physical and human geographical features of the world, how these are interdependent and how they bring about spatial variation and change over time
  • are competent in the geographical skills needed to:
  • collect, analyse and communicate with a range of data gathered through experiences of fieldwork that deepen their understanding of geographical processes
  • interpret a range of sources of geographical information, including maps, diagrams, globes, aerial photographs and Geographical Information Systems (GIS)
  • communicate geographical information in a variety of ways, including through maps, numerical and quantitative skills and writing at length.