'For with God Nothing Shall Be Impossible' (Luke 1:37) BELIEVING, LEARNING AND SHARING TOGETHER: The June ONLINE SAFETY newsletter is now ready to view in the Newsletter section. Year 6 will be swimming every afternoon for the next two weeks. Please make sure your child has their full swimming kit with them each day. If you are interested in a place in EYFS for September 2024, please call the school office on 01254 812581 as we only have two places left. Please can I remind parents that holiday leave in term time is not authorised. The approved holiday list for 2024-25 is now available to view in the parent - term dates section of the website.
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Mellor St Mary CE Primary School

Learning Together

History in KS2

Key Stage 2 Pupils will be taught:


Pupils should continue to develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of British, local and world history, establishing clear narratives within and across the periods they study. They should note connections, contrasts and trends over time and develop the appropriate use of historical terms.


They should regularly address and sometimes devise historically valid questions about change, cause, similarity and difference, and significance. They should construct informed responses that involve thoughtful selection and organisation of relevant historical information.


They should understand how our knowledge of the past is constructed from a range of sources.


In planning to ensure the progression described above through teaching the British, local and world history outlined below, teachers should combine overview and depth studies to help pupils understand both the long arc of development and the complexity of specific aspects of the content.


Pupils should be taught about changes in Britain from the Stone Age to Iron Age, the Roman Empire and its impact on Britain. Britain’s settlement by Anglo- Saxons and Scots. The Viking and Anglo-Saxon struggle for the Kingdom of England, An aspect of local history which includes Mellor School and Black history connected to the Lancashire Cotton industry and transatlantic slave trade. A theme in British history after 1066. They will also learn about the achievements of early civilizations, how the Ancient Greeks influenced the western world and how Benin/ Mayans, a Non-European society, contrasts with Britain’s history.


National Curriculum

End of Key Stage 2

Year 3, 4, 5

 & 6

Changes in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age

Examples (non-statutory) could include:

late Neolithic hunter-gatherers and early farmers, for example, Skara Brae

Bronze Age religion, technology and travel, for example, Stonehenge

Iron Age hill forts: tribal kingdoms, farming, art and culture


Britain’s settlement by Anglo-Saxons and Scotsal Curriculum What and when it is taught at Examples (non-statutory) could include:

Roman withdrawal from Britain in c. AD 410 and the fall of the western Roman Empire

Scots invasions from Ireland to north Britain (now Scotland)

Anglo-Saxon invasions, settlements and kingdoms: place names and village life

Anglo-Saxon art and culture

Christian conversion – Canterbury, Iona and Lindisfarne


The Viking and Anglo-Saxon struggle for the Kingdom of England to the time of Edward the Confessor

Examples (non-statutory) could include:

Viking raids and invasion

• Resistance by Alfred the Great and Athelstan, first king of England

• Further Viking invasions and Danegeld

Anglo-Saxon laws and justice

Edward the Confessor and his death in 1066


A local history study

Examples (non-statutory)

• A depth study linked to one of the British areas of study listed above

• A study over time tracing how several aspects of national history are reflected in the locality

(this can go beyond 1066)

• A study of an aspect of history or a site dating from a period beyond 1066 that is significant in the locality


A study of an aspect or theme in British history that extends pupils’ chronological knowledge beyond 1066

Examples (non-statutory)

  • The changing power of monarchs using case studies such as John, Anne and Victoria
  • Changes in an aspect of social history, such as crime and punishment from the Anglo-Saxon to the present or leisure and entertainment in the 20th Century
  • The legacy of Greek or Roman culture (art, architecture or literature) on later periods in British history, including the present day.
  • A significant turning point in British history, for example, the first railways or the Battle of Britain, Industrial revolution.


The achievements of the earliest civilizations – an overview of where and when the first civilizations appeared and a depth study of one of the following:

Ancient Sumer; The Indus Valley; Ancient Egypt; The Shang Dynasty of Ancient China


Ancient Greece – a study of Greek life and achievements and their influence on the western world


A non-European society that provides contrasts with British history – one study chosen from: early Islamic civilization, including a study of Baghdad c. AD 900; Mayan civilization c. AD 900; Benin (West Africa) c. AD900-1300.