In lower KS2 the principal focus will be:
- Ensuring that pupils become increasingly fluent with whole numbers and the 4 operations, including number facts and the concept of place value, to aid in the development of efficient written and mental methods and the performance of calculations accurately with increasingly large whole numbers.
- The development of their ability to solve a range of problems, including with simple fractions and decimal place value.
- Helping pupils to draw with increasing accuracy and develop mathematical reasoning so they can analyse shapes and their properties, and confidently describe the relationships between them.
- Ensuring that they can use measuring instruments with accuracy and make connections between measure and number.
- Helping year 4 pupils to memorise their multiplication tables up to and including the 12 multiplication table and show precision and fluency in their work.
- Pupils reading and spelling mathematical vocabulary correctly and confidently, using their growing word-reading knowledge and their knowledge of spelling.
In Upper KS2 the principal focus will be:
- Ensuring that pupils extend their understanding of the number system and place value to include larger integers, developing the connections pupils make between multiplication and division with fractions, decimals, percentages and ratio.
- Developing their ability to solve a wider range of problems, including increasingly complex properties of numbers and arithmetic, and problems demanding efficient written and mental methods of calculation.
- With the foundation in arithmetic, pupils are introduced to the language of algebra as a means for solving a variety of problems.
- Teaching in geometry and measures which consolidates and extends knowledge developed in number, also ensuring that pupils classify shapes with increasingly complex geometric properties and learn the vocabulary they need to describe them.
- At the end of Year 6, pupils be fluent in written methods for all 4 operations, including long multiplication and division, and in working with fractions, decimals and percentages.
- Pupils being able to read, spell and pronounce mathematical vocabulary correctly.
As pupils progress, they will develop resilience and fluency in their maths ensuring that they can:
- Reason mathematically by following a line of enquiry
- Conjecture relationships and generalisations
- Develop an argument, justification or proof using mathematical language