BELIEVING, LEARNING AND SHARING TOGETHER: FOSMS disco is on Friday 10th February. 6pm for KS1 and 7:15pm KS2. We have an unexpected place available in EYFS - if you are interested in this please contact the school office. Please can I remind parents that holiday leave in term time is not authorised. The approved holiday list for 2023-24 is now available to view in the parent - term dates section of the website.
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Mellor St Mary CE Primary School

Learning Together

Geography Objectives

Our Geography Objectives:


Through high quality planning, teaching and assessing of geographical knowledge, skills and vocabulary children will:

  • Develop knowledge of significant places, continents, countries and oceans and be able to talk about them and how they impact the world and geographical processes.
  • Have a range of geographical experiences, both in and of the classroom, which build interest, knowledge, understanding and confidence as well as allow them to achieve their potential in the subject.
  • Develop a sense of wonder and curiosity about the world and develop a simple understanding of environmental sustainability.
  • Understand processes that change and find key physical and human geographical features of the world, how these are interdependent and how they can change over time.
  • Collect, analyse and communicate with a range of data through experiences of fieldwork that deepen their understanding of geographical processes.
  • Develop and use a progressive range of geographical vocabulary and communicate geographical information in a variety of ways including through maps, writing, data logs, graphs, charts, posters, fact sheets and through other creative means.
  • Use and understand a range of sources of geographical information, including maps, diagrams, globes, aerial photographs and Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to develop their knowledge of their own surroundings as well as contrasting localities in Britain, Europe and the wider world.
  • Adopt an enquiry approach to the world around them. They will formulate appropriate questions, research, handle data and draw conclusions.
  • Deepen their spiritual, moral, social and cultural understanding and have a greater understanding of their place in the world, and their rights and responsibilities to other people and the environment.
  • Ultimately have a sense of responsibility and care for the earth and its people.


Within geography, we strive to create a supportive and collaborative ethos for learning by providing investigative and enquiry based learning opportunities. All children will be challenged to be inquisitive, compassionate and empathetic. They will have opportunities to influence their own learning through age appropriate and progressive themes and topics.


Early Years Pupils will:

  • Develop an understanding of the world and take notice of everything around them.
  • Talk about the environment around them and taking part in walks within the local area.
  • Develop their understanding of the wider world by learning about different countries.
  • Make simple maps and images of geographical features.
  • The focus of geographical discussions will be personalised to the cohort of children.


Key stage 1 Pupils will be taught:

  • To begin to develop a geographical vocabulary by learning about where they live, as well as one other small area of the United Kingdom and a small area in a contrasting non-European country.
  • About weather patterns in the United Kingdom and hot and cold areas of the world.
  • How to use ICT, world maps, atlases and globes, aerial photographs and plans.
  • To use simple compass directions.
  • Simple fieldwork and observational skills and techniques.


Key Stage 2 Pupils will be taught:

Three main focus areas:

  1. Locational knowledge
  2. Place knowledge
  3. Human and physical geography


  • To examine latitude, longitude and time zones.
  • To use maps to focus on Europe, North and South America, concentrating on regions, key physical / human characteristics, countries, and major cities.
  • To locate the counties and cities of the United Kingdom, and explore their human and physical characteristics.
  • To examine geographical similarities and differences by comparing the geography of a region of the United Kingdom with a region in a European country, and with a region in either North or South America.
  • To describe and understand key aspects of geography, for example: climate zones, rivers, mountains, volcanoes, earthquakes, the water cycle, types of settlement, economic activity and the distribution of natural resources.
  • To use a range of fieldwork techniques and practical geography skills.


'Informed and active future citizens need to understand how their lives are connected to others and are both shaped by and impact on the environments they inhabit if they are to make responsible choices for the future'.

Geographical Association

Geography varies from the local environment of Mellor and Lancashire that the students know well, to the distant places that they have some, little or no previous knowledge about.  We aim to take the students from where they are on a journey into a global view of the world; to better understand the world that they live and how they can impact on it in the future.

As pupils progress, we will strive for them to be outwardly-looking global citizens who are knowledgeable, tolerant and educated about the wider world. Through themed weeks and worship time, we will help our children to understand some of the issues facing our world and future generations and aim to equip them with the skills and faith needed to face them.


By the end of each key stage, pupils will know, apply and understand the geographical physical and human processes and skills specified in the National Curriculum for geography.


Our children will have a confident set of geographical skills and knowledge, supported by Christian values which can be used to help them to make sense of the world that they live in and equip them with the practical skills and knowledge to take them into KS3 and beyond. In the immersion of their topics, they will deepen their understanding of geographical processes, understand and use geographical vocabulary, remember places they have learned about, take more action on topics they believe in and develop a more tolerant yet enquiring mind.